exFAT , FAT32 and NTFS File Systems
exFAT, FAT32, NTFS are the common file systems in Windows 10, Windows 8.1/8, Windows 7, Vista and XP. exFAT (also named Extended File Allocation Table) is designed by Microsoft and was introduced in 2006, which is a file system optimized for flash memory like USB flash drives, SD cards. It has been adopted by SD Card Association as the default file system for SDXC cards larger than 32GB.
FAT32 is the oldest of the three file systems so that its compatibility across not just modern computers, but also other older devices. But it has some limitations that the maximum individual file size is 4GB, and a FAT32 partition must also be less than 8TB. It’s used in removable drives typically.
NTFS is the modern file system that Windows likes to use by default, it breaks the restrictions of FAT32, this NTFS format usually used in internal hard drive. But, NTFS has the lowest compatibility of the three formats.
exFAT can make up for the limitation of NTFS and FAT32 format. In other words, exFAT allows you to store individual files much larger than 4GB. In these three formats, the compatibility from large to small is FAT32, exFAT, and NTFS.
Why Format exFAT to FAT32 or NTFS?
As you know, a 64GB SDXC card is formatted to exFAT by default, and the ClockworkMod Recovery (CWM) can’t recognize exFAT when you want to root your phone. Thus, in order to be able to successfully root your phone, you would like to format 64GB SD card from exFAT to FAT32/NTFS. Formatting exFAT to NTFS is a piece of cake while formatting exFAT to FAT32 is not an easy thing. Moreover, you may encounter other situations to format exFAT to FAT32/NTFS for certain reasons. Don’t worry, we will give you the best way to format efficiently.
How to Convert exFAT to FAT32 or NTFS?
You will get several solutions to change exFAT to FAT32/NTFS for your devices, come with me.
Windows Disk Management
Windows built-in program Disk Management can help you to format a USB flash drive, external hard drive, and SD card from exFAT to FAT32 or NTFS.
1. Plug in your memory stick (here is SD card) to your computer, make sure it can be
detected. Open the Windows Disk Management, right click the SD
card, select Format.
2. Then, select the FAT32 or NTFS at the File system option.
You can also format your memory stick from exFAT to FAT32 or NTFS via Windows Explorer.
1. Plug your SD card into your computer. You can see the drive displayed in My Computer/This PC as a newly mounted volume. Right click the memory stick, select Format.
2. It will pop up a window like the following screenshot. You can select the FAT32 or NTFS in the File System drop-down menu. And set up Volume Label here, select Quick Format and click Start to initiate the progress.
Convert exFAT to FAT32/NTFS with CMD
1. Press Windows + R key simultaneously, then input cmd and Run as administrator.
2. Type: format E: /FS: NTFS (or format E: /FS: FAT32) (where E: is the drive letter of your device) and hit Enter.
However, Windows built-in tool has its disadvantages that...if your memory stick is larger than 32GB, you can’t format exFAT to FAT32. Nevertheless, how to deal with a storage device larger than 32GB, such as 64GB USB flash drive or SDXC card? You might have no idea.
Free Convert with AOMEI Partition Assistant
Fortunately, the free disk partition software - AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard will help you out. It’s more reliable and flexible than Disk Management. AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard is a complete partition software and disk manager, which allows you to format exFAT to FAT32 without 32GB limitation. Its advanced Pro edition has the ability to convert NTFS to FAT32 and convert FAT32 to NTFS without losing data with NTFS to FAT32 Converter.
Here we take a 64GB USB for example. The detailed steps about how to format exFAT to FAT32 or NTFS are listed below:
Step1, Insert the 64GB USB flash drive into your computer. Free download, install and open AOMEI Partition Assistant. On the main interface, right click the 64GB USB flash drive and select Format Partition at the drop-down menu.
Step2, Choose FAT32 or NTFS in File System box. You can also edit Partition Label and Cluster Size if required. Then press OK.
Step3, Click Apply at the upper left corner if you have confirmed the Pending Operations.
Note: The format operation will delete all your data on your USB flash drive, and make sure you have backed it up.
At the moment, you have successfully format exFAT to FAT32. In addition, if you want to format exFAT to NTFS, the steps are basically the same as above; the only difference is change FAT32 to NTFS in the "Step2".
AOMEI Partition Assistant also provides more features, like create second partition on SD card, recover deleted partition on USB drive, merge partitions, and so on. Besides, AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional offers advanced functions for advanced users, like allocate free space, convert primary partition to logical, etc.