Run Check Disk from Command Prompt to Check for and Fix Errors

February 15, 2019

To check a disk for errors, you can run check disk from command prompt. Here you can learn about Windows chkdsk and how to use it to check for and fix errors.

The Review of Check Disk tool

Check Disk, short as “CHKDSK”, is a Windows utility that can check the integrity of your hard disk and can fix various file system errors on FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS drives. It is available for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10. The Check Disk utility helps you to check file system errors, bad sectors, lost clusters, and so on.

Sometimes, you need to run chkdsk.exe to solve your problems. For example, if you face the problems ranging from blue screens to inability to open files or folders, you can run the Check Disk tool to check for and fix errors.

How it works?

Well, how does Check Disk utility work?

If you can boot into Windows, you can run chkdisk.exe on each hard drive or partition on your computer. If you cannot boot your computer, you can run check disk from command prompt either by booting the operating system into the recovery mode or by using the original installation disc to run command prompt. Here are two ways of how to use Check Disk tool.

1. You can access Check Disk Utility in the following way:

Open Computer -> Right-click Drive -> Properties > Tools tab -> Check Now.

Error Checking Check Now

Here you will get two options for “Automatically fix file system errors” and “Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors”. choose one according to your need, click Start.


* If the drive to be checked is in use, you may have to schedule the chkdsk at reboot.

2. Using command prompt check disk

However, most of users prefer to use command prompt check disk. Chkdsk command prompt offers you several options.

To use command prompt check disk, you need to open command prompt as administrator. Take an example of Windows 10:

Press Windows + R simultaneously, type cmd, press Enter. Then, you will get into a command prompt and you can start to check disk with command line. If you do not know how to use it, you can type chkdsk /? and hit Enter, which will give you its parameters or switches.

Chkdsk Options

For example, if you want to test the integrity of the D: drive, you can type the command in the prompt:

Chkdsk D:

To find and repair errors that are found in D: drive, type

Chkdsk D: /f

*Check Disk can’t repair volumes that are in use. If the volume is in use, it will display a prompt that asks if you want to schedule the volume to be checked the next time you restart the system. Click Yes.

AOMEI Partition Assistant: check for and fix partition errors on Windows 10/8/7

Using Windows chkdsk to check for and fix errors are important to Windows users. However, it is also very important for you to acknowledge the fact that if you misuse the commands, you risk losing data permanently. So, you’d better make a backup of your data before using command line, or you can find a safer way to instead of it.

AOMEI Partition Assistant is such a safer alternative to Windows chkdsk. AOMEI Partition Assistant is a great free disk partition manager that can help you check for and fix errors on disk partitions. It supports Windows 10, 8.1, 8, 7, Vista, and XP, both 32 bit and 64 bit. You can use it with a concise interface that even a non-technician can operate easily. Here we will provide you the detailed steps of how to check for and fix errors on disk partitions with AOMEI Partition Assistant.

Step 1.Free download this freeware, install and launch it. It will display you the basic situation of your hard drives. Select the partition that you want to check for, right click it, select Advanced -> Check Partition.

Advanced Check Partition

Step 2. It will pop up a small window that you can select the way of checking errors to perform. Choose one according to your needs and click OK. It will proceed immediately.

Check Partition For Errors


  • There are three ways you can select to perform: check partition and fix errors in this partition by using chkdsk.exe; check partition for errors by using chkdsk.exe; check whether there are bad sectors on the partition. Select the one as your command.

  • However, if the partition you selected is being used by another process, you cannot continue the operation. It will pop up a window to remind you that you can continue the operation again if this partition is dismounted. But it will make all the running programs invalid. And ask you “would you like to force a dismount on this partition”. click Yes, it will execute the task, click No, it will cancel the operation.


This is how to use AOMEI Partition Assistant to check for and fix errors on hard drive. It is a simpler and easier way which can replace command prompt check disk. Apart from Check Partition, AOMEI Partition Assistant has many other features that can help you manage your hard drives on Windows 10/8/7 better. You can upgrade to AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional to unlock more features of AOMEI Partition Assistant such as Allocated Free Space, Command Line, Convert System Disk from MBR to GPT, etc.