By Emily / Last Updated October 14, 2019

What will occur when Pen drive/SD card is corrupted?

Although pen drive, SD card has developed as a popular data storage media, they are prone to damage. When they get damaged or corrupted, you will be irritated by the following issue:

  • When you try to access it in File Explorer, you will get an error message “SD card is not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable.”

  • When you attempt to read the drive, no data appears along with an error prompt “Read / Write error on SD card”, which means you cannot read data from this device.

  • Windows computer recognized your SD card successfully, but you cannot see any data within it, and the hard drive says it needs to be formatted.

  • You can see the contents of your SD card in your system, but unable to add, delete, modify, copy data in your SD card since it is set into read only mode.

  • The SD card/pen drive becomes RAW file system, not allowing you to access it.

Possible causes of Pen drive/SD card corruption

Before we discuss how to repair corrupted pen drive or SD card in Windows 10/8/7, you might want to know what causes their damages.

  • Physical Damages. SD card or pen drive is pretty small and vulnerable to physical damage.

  • File system corruption. The SD card or pen drive is influenced by the operating system of computer. When the OS malfunctions, it will result in the file system corruption and finally lead to SD card/pen drive damage.

  • Increasing bad sectors. Bad sector is the bad storage space that cannot save data anymore. Overtimes, more bad sectors will generate in the SD card/pen drive. Finally, they will be unable to work normally.

  • Insert or remove SD card/pen drive in an improper way. If you violently and frequently plug in/out the SD card or pen drive on many different platforms, they will be more likely to get damaged.

  • Virus or malware infection. If you download any malware onto your computer accidentally, it will contract your data stored in the SD card/pen drive. In such a case, the data will be unreadable and hard drive will be prone to be inaccessible, too.

  • Interruption in SD card/pen drive formatting. Sometime you need to format SD card/pen drive. But if the formatting process is interrupted by power failure, abrupt removal or other accidents, it will probably get damaged as well.

Effective methods to repair corrupted pen drive or SD card

As for how to fix a corrupted USB or SD card, there are always many methods you can have a try. But before that, you had better connect your SD card or pen drive to another computer to check if it is the computer that causes the issue. Or it could be possible that the port itself is damaged should be blamed for the corrupted pen drive, so try another different USB port. If no problem is found, then you need to consider the following methods to repair the corrupted device.

Method 1. Check hard drive for errors

First of all, you can check the pen drive or SD card for disk errors. To do so, if you can see them in File Explorer, you can right-click it, click “Properties” and go to “Tools”, finally hit on “Check” to scan this drive for file system errors.

Check Error

Or you can open Command Prompt by clicking “Start” button, inputting “cmd” in the “Search” box, right-clicking the Command Prompt icon and choosing “Run as Administrator”, and type "chkdsk e:/f" (e: is the drive letter of the partition you want to check) in the pop-out Command Prompt window, to check and fix errors that it found on E: volume.

If you cannot run this command successfully and meet some error messages like “CHKDSK is not available for raw drives”. You can turn to AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard, which is a free disk manager software for Windows 10/8/7/Vista/XP users. It allows you to check and fix possible bad sectors on partitions in three steps.

Step 1. Download the freeware. Install and run it. Right click a partition of the corrupted disk and choose “Check Partition” under “Advanced” tab.

Advanced Check Partition

Step 2. Then select the way of checking errors to perform and click “OK”, as you can see from the following screenshot.

Check Partition And Fix Errors

Step 3. Wait for process to be finished.

Check Partition For Errors Completed

Method 2. Reinstall the drivers

Sometimes, the damaged drivers can also lead to the SD card/pen drive not working well. In this case, you can reinstall it by some simple steps.

Step 1. Right click “My Computer/This PC”. Click “Manage”. And hit on “Device Manager” on the left side.

Step 2. Double click “Disk Drives” in the given list. Right click on your pen drive or SD card.

Step 3. Click “Uninstall” and click “OK”.

Step 4. Remove your pen drive/SD card and restart your PC. Then connect them back again and your computer will detect it.

Reinstall Driver

Method 3. Recover data and reformat it completely

The first two methods focus on how to repair corrupted SD card or pen drive without formatting. But if neither make any difference, you might have to reformat it. Since formatting process will delete all data on the corrupted SD card or pen drive, it is advised to first recover data from them via professional data recovery software. Then you can format it in Disk Management or Diskpart. Below is how to fix corrupted USB drive/SD card/pen drive using CMD (Diskpart service).

First of all, open the CMD window like you do in the first method.

Then type the following command and press enter after each.

  • Diskpart

  • list disk: a list of all the storage devices connected to your computer will be displayed.

  • select disk: (example: select disk 2). Cautions: Make sure you enter the disk number correctly. Otherwise, you may format your internal hard drive.

  • Clean

  • create partition primary

  • active

  • select partition 1

  • format fs=fat32.

Forcefully Format USB

The corrupted SD card can be forcefully formatted in a few minutes. Don’t exit the CMD window until the formatting is completed. Besides, you can also make use of AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard to format corrupted SD card or other hard drives. Besides, it is able to format large hard drive to FAT32 with ease.

Summing Up

No matter you want to repair corrupted pen drive or SD card without formatting or formatting, AOMEI partition Assistant can help you a lot. It is a great SD card repair tool. Moreover, if you upgrade to Professional edition, you can enjoy more advanced features, like erasing SSD drive, migrating only OS to SSD, converting dynamic disk to basic without data loss, recovering deleted partitions and more.